Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 113-121
On Defining ‘Near-Death Experience’, ‘Near-Death Memory’ and ‘Near-Death Report’
Stefan Herbert Gugerell, Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Catholic Theology, Paris Lodron University, Salzburg, Austria
Gloria Maria Schneeweiss, Department of Educational Science, Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences, Paris Lodron University, Salzburg, Austria
Received: Jun. 25, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 13, 2019;       Published: Sep. 6, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190703.13      View  92      Downloads  35
Abstract
In 1975, the physician Raymond Moody published the bestseller Life after Life. Moody introduced the term ‘near-death experience’ in his book to describe specific experiences of people who have survived a life-threatening situation. Meanwhile, measuring instruments for the operationalization of near-death experiences have been developed and numerous, partly prospective, clinical studies have been conducted to investigate these experiences. While empirical research is already conducted on a high scientific level, there is still room for a systematic foundation for a philosophical and ontological interpretation of near-death experiences. Difficulties associated with the interpretation of near-death experiences are partly caused by the fact that the term ‘near-death experience’ is not used consistently in literature, but ambiguously and vaguely. Following the tradition of Analytic Philosophy, the aim of this work is to lay the linguistic foundations for a philosophical and ontological discussion of near-death experiences. In this context, we will distinguish between a near-death experience, a near-death memory and a near-death report, and present precise definitions of these terms. Finally, different ontological positions that can be formulated with the provided definitions will be presented.
Keywords
Near-Death Experience, Near-Death Memory, Near-Death Report, Near-Death Experience Scale
To cite this article
Stefan Herbert Gugerell, Gloria Maria Schneeweiss, On Defining ‘Near-Death Experience’, ‘Near-Death Memory’ and ‘Near-Death Report’, International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 113-121. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190703.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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