Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 66-71
Transcranial Theory of Mind: A New Revolution of Cognitive Science
Li Jianhui, School of Philosophy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Received: Apr. 17, 2019;       Accepted: Jun. 4, 2019;       Published: Jun. 17, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190702.14      View  592      Downloads  124
In recent years, many scientists and philosophers have begun to believe that a new theoretic revolution is occurring in cognitive science. The revolution is the rise of theoretical models of “4E+S” cognition. “4E” denotes “embodied”, “embedded”, “enacted”, and “extended”; “S” denotes “situated”. Differentiating from the traditional computational theory or representational theory of cognition, this branch of new cognitive scientists and philosophers have begun to claim that cognition is embodied, embedded, enacted, extended and situated. All of these five theories agree that cognitive processes can proceed beyond the boundary of the brain. Thus we can synthesize them together as “transcranial cognition” or “transbrain cognition”. The questions are: Are there common characteristics of these five models? Can we integrate them together with a new model of cognition? Is the “4E+S” model a real Copernicus style revolution of cognitive science? This article analyzes these questions and provides the following answers: There is a common characteristics of these cognitive theories and it is the characteristics of transcranialness, i. e. cognition or mind can exist beyond brain; We can integrate them together as transcranial cognition; The new theory of cognition or mind is a new big extended theory of traditional cognitive science.
Transcranial Cognition, 4E+S Cognition, Embodied Cognition, Embedded Cognition, Enacted Cognition, Extended Cognition, Situated Cognition
To cite this article
Li Jianhui, Transcranial Theory of Mind: A New Revolution of Cognitive Science, International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 66-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190702.14
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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