Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 55-61
Phenomenology and Ontology in the Lukácsian Concept of Labor
Manuel Alejandro Bonilla Bonilla, Faculty of Management, University Luis Vargas Torres, Santo Domingo, Ecuador
Received: Feb. 22, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 8, 2019;       Published: Apr. 29, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190702.12      View  245      Downloads  46
Abstract
This article attempts to reassess the evaluation of one of the most crucial concepts in the philosophy of the hungarian philosopher Georgy Lukács, namely, the concept of labor. It discusses how, as a result of his own philosophical evolution, Lukács developed two different approaches in his investigation about the fundamental categories that comprise social reality. One approach -developed in his young years- discusses the social categories in relation with the historical development of the subjective consciousness, in other words, it deals with the relationship between ‘historical world’ and ‘human consciousness’. The philosophical evolution of the young Lukács made him understand that relationship according to the theoretical framework that Hegel developed in the Phenomenology of the Spirit. The second approach -developed in the marxist period of Lukács- assumes the social categories as ‘ontological concepts’ that explain the fundamental socio-economical elements of the meta-categorial system that is the human world. In particular, the article analyzes such duality of approaches in regards of the social category of labor. It shows how the interaction between these two approaches influences the discussion of the category of labor in the context of advanced capitalism, and how it affects the lukácsian understanding of social categories in general.
Keywords
Labor, Ontology, Phenomenology, Aesthetics, Ethics
To cite this article
Manuel Alejandro Bonilla Bonilla, Phenomenology and Ontology in the Lukácsian Concept of Labor, International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 55-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190702.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
G. Lukács, G. Gelebtes Denken. Eine Autobiographie im Dialog. Frankfurt, 1980, p. 235.
[2]
N. Tertulian. “Lukács Ontology”. In: T. Rockmore (Ed.). Lukács Today. Essays in Marxist Philosophy. Dordrecht: Reidel Publishing Company, 1988, p. 243-5.
[3]
G. Lukács, G. Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Darmstadt and Neuwied: Luchterhand, Vol. 1, 1984. p. 664.
[4]
D. Zoltai. “The Reconstructible chief work”: Notes on Lukács late aesthetic synthesis. In: L. Illés; F. József (Eds.), Hungarian studies on Lukács. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1993. Vol. 2, p. 536.
[5]
F. Benseler F. “Nachwort des Herausgebers”. In: G. Lukács. Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Darmstadt and Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1986. p. 737.
[6]
A. Infranca. Trabajo, Individuo, Historia. El concepto de trabajo en Lukács. Buenos Aires: Herramienta, 2005.
[7]
F. Benserler. “Zur ‘Ontologie’ von Georg Lukács”. In: U. Bembach, G. Trautmann (Eds). Georg Lukács. Kultur – Politik – Ontologie. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1987, pp. 253.
[8]
A. Infranca. “Fenomenologia y Ontologia en el Marxismo de Lukács”. In: A. Infranca, M. Vedda (Eds.). Gÿorgy Lukács: Ética, Estética y Ontología. Buenos Aires: Colihue, 2007, p. 153-4.
[9]
R. Fortes. “Las categorías de objetivación (Vergegenständlichung), enajenación (Entäuserung) y alienación (Entfremdung) en el último Lukács”. In: A. Infranca; M. Vedda (Comps), La alienación; historia y actualidad. Buenos Aires: Herramienta, 2012, p. 70.
[10]
G. Lukács. “Vorwort”. In: Frühschriften II: Geschichte und Klassenbewusstsein. Darmstand and Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1977, p. 19-20.
[11]
R. Fortes. As Novas vias da Ontologia em György Lukács. Saarbrücken: Novas Edicoes Academicas, 2013, p. 214-229.
[12]
A. Giesbert. “Menschwerdung. Der Begriff der Entfremdung beim späten Lukács”. In: C. Bauer, B. Caspers, J. Werner (Eds.). Georg Lukács. Totalität, Utopie und Ontologie. Duisburg: Universitätsverlag Rheim-Ruhr Duisbug, 2012, pp. 93-122.
[13]
G. Lukács, G. Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins. Darmstadt and Neuwied: Luchterhand, v. 2, 1986. p. 125ss, 219, 227, 302.
[14]
K. Terezakis. “Living form and living criticism”. In: M. Thompson (Ed.). Lukács reconsidered. Critical Essays in Politics, Philosophy and Aesthetics. London: Continuum, 2011, p. 224.
[15]
W. Jung. “Zur Ontologie des Alltags. Die späte Philosophie von Georg Lukács”. In R. Dannemann, W. Jung (Eds.). Objektive Möglichkeit. Beiträge zu Georg Lukács’ “Zur Ontologie d”es gesellschaftlichen Seins”. Opladen: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 1995, pp. 257-263.
[16]
R. Lanning. “Ethics and self-mastery: Revolution and the fully developed person in the work of Georg Lukács”. Science and Society, Vol. 65, No. 3, 2001, p. 340ss.
[17]
M. Almási. “Lukács Ontological turn: The Ontology of Social Being”. In: L. Illés; F. József (Eds.), Hungarian studies on Lukács. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1993. Vol. 2, p. 559.
[18]
F. Benseler. “Der späte Lukács und die subjective Wende im Marxismus”. In R. Dannemann, W. Jung (Eds.). Objektive Möglichkeit. Beiträge zu Georg Lukács’ “Zur Ontologie des gesellschaftlichen Seins”. Opladen: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 1995, p. 143.
Browse journals by subject