Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 1-16
An-Arché as the Voice of the People: Jacques Rancière and the Politics of Disagreement
Žarko Paić, Department of Fashion Design, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Received: Nov. 12, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 13, 2018;       Published: Jan. 19, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190701.11      View  173      Downloads  84
An-arché in the thinking of politics and aesthetics beyond the tradition of "political philosophy" of Leo Strauss and Hannah Arendt in 20. century, or in contact with the ideas of political emancipation by Joseph Jacotot, and Karl Marx and anarchism, marks the theory of politics as a disagreement (mésentente) in the writings of Jacques Rancière. The intention of this text is to show how and in what way the thinking of the political should confront to the philosophy of politics who always take care theoretically about the politics of norms, postulates and rules of action. Since Rancière believes that political preceded by politics as a police or regime of the oligarchic law in contemporary liberal democracies, and it should be a matter of radical equality among citizens, then it is the fundamental problem of determining politics in an attempt to think of an-arché. In this contingency, we are doomed to a constant struggle with the order of inequalities and chaos in its own vagueness. That must be a reason why we use the word "mysticism" for what comes out of the state in-between two ways of comprehending a politics: (1) as the power of a hierarchically predicated society on which a state is constructed and (2) as a spontaneous struggle for democracy. The true politics of the equality must face what lies in its own bargain. And that is the powerful and chaotic an-arché. The paradox and aporia are not that democracy and freedom are derived from this principle without principles. Anyway, the scandal that rules in neoliberal oligarchy represents a confirmation of the same an-arché. For this reason, its archi-politics, para-politics and meta-politics are "the cunning of reason" of a perverted order of the world where the power of the "police" sets limits to the "politics" of freedom and not vice versa. Contemporary oligarchy is based in this an-arché-ic model of chaos and ambiguity in all its visible and invisible areas of action, from the management of the economy to marketing policy. But the problem with Rancière's metapolitics has been seen from the beginning to be a problem of the impossibility of political without the articulation of power. Equality without power remains unfulfilled by the demands of the "people" as temporary demos.
An-arché, Oligarchy, Democracy, Disagreement
To cite this article
Žarko Paić, An-Arché as the Voice of the People: Jacques Rancière and the Politics of Disagreement, International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20190701.11
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A strong separation of politics and police (le politique and la politique) goes so far that one can often get the impression of man's understanding of the world in secular Christian "good" and "evil" categories. But between these two concepts, the government is mutually conditional. We can here accept the interpretation of Oliver Marchart, who argues that the policy of disagreement and disagreement stands above the existence of "two worlds in one" but is subject to what is termed as "emancipatory apriorism." This means that equality is not only a prerequisite of democratic political action, a prerequisite of its contradiction - the police order. If, then, the idea of a policy contained in the concept of equality, then this term appears almost as the "grounding unfoundation" of democratic rebellion against the order and has revolutionary potential. In this way, Marchart can conclude that it is within the post-foundationalist theory of politics Rancière 's attempt to think politics from the principle of an-arché is nothing other than the path to a-historical conditions. So, this means that the political struggle against "regimes" has the status of "transcendental conditions" of egalitarian politics. - Marchart, Oliver (2011) The Second Return of the Political. 134-135.
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